Trachoma refers to a bacterial infection that usually affects the area of your eyes. A bacteria named Chlamydia trachomatis causes this disease in humans. It is infectious and spread through contact with the nose, eyes, or eyelids.
Throat secretions of the people who are infected can also cause trachoma in others. If you are handling any infected item that you are at higher risk of developing trachoma. It induces mild irritation in your eyes. The eyelids and eyes feel itchy.
After this, your eyelids can become swell. Moreover, pus drains from your eyes in case of severe trachoma. Do not ever leave this disease untreated. It can cause permanent blindness in people. It is the main cause of blindness in people worldwide.
The number of cases of trachoma is high in people who live in poor areas within Africa. Taking early treatment helps to relieve the symptoms of trachoma.
Your both eyes can suffer after getting the infection of trachoma. Following are the symptoms that you can experience with the condition of trachoma.
- Vision loss
- Pain in eyes
- Irritation in eyelids and your eyes
- Experiencing itching at a mild level
- Swelling of eyelid
- Pus and mucus in the eye discharge
- Swelling of eyelid
- Redness in eyes
Young children are vulnerable to develop the infection of trachoma. This disease develops gradually. Painful symptoms mostly appear at the age of adulthood. Contact your doctor if you think that you are experiencing the symptoms of trachoma.
Chlamydia trachomatis has specific subtypes that are involved in causing trachoma. It is a bacteria that can lead to a sexually transmitted infection named chlamydia. If you get contact with the nose and eyes of the infected person then you are at higher risk of developing trachoma.
Other routes of transmission are hands, towels, insects, and clothing. Eye-seeking flies transmit trachoma infection in developing countries.
Following are the factors that can enhance the risk of getting trachoma.
- Crowded Places: If you live in crowded conditions then the chances of close contact are higher. It enhances the spread of infection.
- Poor Sanitation: Lack of hygiene and poor conditions of sanitary enhance the infection of the disease. Your unclean hands and face increase the spread of infection.
- Age: The disease is active in specific areas where children between four to six years are vulnerable to get the infection.
- Sex: In some areas, women are vulnerable to get the infection of trachoma two to six times as compared to men. It may be due to women getting contact with the children most often who you can say are the primary reservoir of trachoma infection.
- Flies: People who live in certain areas where issues of controlling the fly populations are greater are more vulnerable to get the disease.
Early detection helps to treat one episode of trachoma. Chlamydia trachomatis is involved in causing this episode. Antibiotics can also help you to control the symptoms of infection. But if you get a secondary infection then you can develop complications that are:
- Inner eyelid scarring
- Corneal cloudiness
- Complete loss of vision
- Deformities of the eyelid for example ingrown eyelashes and inward-folding eyelid
You can control the symptoms of the disease yourself by taking some precautionary measures. The main concern of doctors is reinfection if you have already taken treatment of trachoma with surgery or certain antibiotics.
It is important to be screened to treat trachoma. Encourage our family members for the screening of trachoma for early treatment and control the spread of infection. It helps you to save the other members of your family too.
The condition of trachoma is present worldwide but it is common in Pacific Rim, Asia, Africa, and Latin America. If you live in an area where the condition of trachoma is common, try to take additional precautionary measures and take care of your hygiene.
It can help you to prevent trachoma infection. We have mentioned here the proper practices of hygiene that would help you a lot in preventing this disease.
Washing Of face And Hands
Wash your hands and face properly and more often to break the reinfection cycle. It also prevents you from getting other diseases.
Fly is a transmission source. If you reduce its population then you may become safe from the infection of trachoma.
Management Of Waste
Try to manage the waste properly. It decreases the process of breeding ground flies.
Improve your access to freshwater. It helps to improve certain hygienic conditions.