If you have diabetes, your blood glucose (blood sugar) levels are abnormally high. The things you eat include glucose. Insulin helps transport glucose into your cells, where it provides energy. Your body does not create or utilize insulin well if you have type 1 and 2 diabetes. Without enough insulin, glucose remains in the circulation. Once diagnosed with Bastrop diabetes, patients must adopt several critical and often challenging lifestyle and dietary modifications.
1. Stroke and heart disease
Cardiovascular disorder is the fundamental cause of mortality among people with diabetes. This is because high blood sugar levels can create a slow buildup of fatty deposits, which block and stiffen the walls of blood vessels. A stroke or a heart attack can occur when blood arteries become partly blocked or constricted. Not everyone is exposed to the same danger. If you have had diabetes for more than 15 years, you are more likely to get cardiovascular disease. The same is true if you have already experienced diabetic complications affecting your eyes, kidneys, nerves, or if you have seen circulation issues, such as chest pain while exercising or leg pain while walking.
2. Thyroid disorder
Thyroid disorders are classified into hypothyroidism (when the body does not create enough thyroid hormones) and hyperthyroidism (when your body produces too many thyroid hormones). Thyroid disorders are more frequent in people with diabetes than in non-diabetics, especially type 1, since the body’s cells can assault and destroy thyroid cells, much as they do insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. Adults and children can be impacted, and type 1 persons are more likely to have hypothyroidism. Individuals with type 2 diabetes are more likely to have thyroid difficulties, although it is unclear why. Hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism cannot be cured; however, they can be successfully managed with medication.
Mastopathy describes fibrous (tough) breast tissue that can develop in diabetics. Diabetic mastopathy is rare. It is most common in premenopausal women who have had type 1 diabetes for a long time. Other diabetes problems frequently accompany diabetic mastopathy. It is unknown what causes diabetic mastopathy; however, elevated blood glucose levels may play a role. If you discover any lumps or hardness in your breasts, you should see your doctor as soon as possible to determine the cause. Diabetic mastopathy does not raise your chances of developing breast cancer.
4. Diabetes insipidus
Diabetes insipidus develops when the pituitary gland fails to produce the hormone vasopressin, often known as AVP, or when AVP’s kidney function is inefficient. This implies that the body generates more urine because the kidneys cannot retain water. Diabetes insipidus and diabetes mellitus are distinct illnesses; a patient with diabetes mellitus may acquire diabetes insipidus on rare occasions.
If you are diabetic, you should be aware of your blood sugar levels at all times. Extremes: too high or extremely low can happen fast and become deadly. Other illnesses or infections, as well as certain medications, are among the reasons. They can also occur if you do not take enough diabetic medications. Take your diabetes medications appropriately, stick to your diabetic diet, and check your blood sugar frequently to avoid these issues. Call Pompeyo C Chavez, MD, or schedule an appointment to learn more about diabetes management.