Author: thomas

What I ended up with was a pot full of greasy, broken cream, with a broken ego to match (the ego has since been repaired, but the cream was a lost cause). Tipping it out into the sink revealed a ½-inch-thick crust of brown crud on the bottom. The problem? My pot was too thin and its conductivity was too low. Rather than distributing the heat evenly over the bottom of the entire pot, the heat was concentrated in the areas directly above the flames. Those areas got overheated, causing the proteins in the cream directly above them to coagulate,…

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Casino gambling has become a popular widely available form of entertainment. The industry has spread rapidly in the last twenty years, but there has been little scientific analysis of the social and economic effects of gambling. This is starting to change, as more than a handful of researchers have begun examining the economic effects of casinos and gambling. I began studying the economic effects of gambling with a focus on casinos in 1996. This book is the product of my research during the past ten years. My goal in writing this book is to give a balanced, mainstream, comprehensive economic…

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The economic effects of casino gambling have been examined in a number of U.S. states and regions, and in other countries, by a number of authors.1 Despite the volume of studies on the effects of gambling, there is no consensus among researchers. This chapter focuses on different arguments related the economic growth effects of casino gambling. A majority of gambling researchers during the past 15 years argue that expansion in the gambling industry has led to decreases in other industries, resulting in little overall economic stimulus.2 This argument appears to be particularly convincing to politicians and voters. In any case,…

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When a community is considering legalizing casino gambling, one of the major benefits expected is an increase in local employment and the average wage rate. Yet, analyzing the effect of a new industry to a community can be tricky. Does the new industry create new jobs on net, or are jobs merely shifted among industries? This is an important issue that is commonly raised by researchers (e.g., Grinols 2004). Is the community better or worse off if the gambling industry “cannibalizes” existing industries? It is possible that a community would benefit through increased wages or increased competition among employers for…

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One of the primary reasons for governments introducing casino gambling is the purported economic benefits from casino development. Among these benefits is economic growth. Over the last half-century, policies that promote economic growth have become an integral part of public sector economic activity. In the U.S., state government attempts to attract industry via tax breaks and financial incentives have been the object of considerable research attention. But the apparent inability of either of these sets of policies to sustain successful outcomes over time has led state policy makers to explore alternative avenues. Writing in the 1930s, Joseph Schumpeter noted that…

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In addition to the various security vulnerabilities we mentioned above, one of the biggest obstacles to secure wireless networks is their complexity. It’s not enough to just install a firewall, set strong passwords, and have detailed access control settings. No, wireless networks are a completely different beast than their wired counterparts. These days, a plain old AP and wireless network interface card (NIC) might not seem too complex, but there’s a lot going on behind the scenes. The big issues revolve around the 802.11 protocol. This protocol doesn’t just send and receive information with minimal management overhead (as does, say,…

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In Chapter 1, we talk about why you need to be concerned with wireless security — and outline various dangers that wireless networks face. We also talk about various wireless-testing tools, as well as hacks you can perform. Chapter 2 talks about planning your ethical-hacking journey, and Chapter 3 talks about the specific methods you can use to perform your tests. Chapter 4 finishes things off by outlining various testing tools you’ll need to hack your wireless systems This part begins with Chapter 5, in which we talk about various non-technical, people-related attacks, such as a lack of security awareness,…

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In all of networking history, it has never been easier to penetrate a network. IEEE 802.11 wireless LAN technology gives the hacker and network security professional inexpensive — many times free — tools to work with. Whether you are an avid user of Linux or Windows, the tools are everywhere. Due to the enduring and ubiquitous ware community, hackers can obtain even the expensive analysis and penetration tools — such as 802.11-protocol analyzers — with no investment. This book will show you quite a few of the latest tools, but an exhaustive text covering all currently-available wireless hacking tools would…

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We teach courses on ethical hacking — and when you’re teaching, you need an outline. Our teaching outline always starts with the introduction to the ethical-hacking process that comprises most of this chapter. Inevitably, when the subject of an ethical hacking process comes up, the class participants visibly slump into their chairs, palpable disappointment written all over their faces. They cross their arms across their chests and shuffle their feet. Some even jump up and run from class to catch up on their phone calls. Why? Well, every class wants to jump right in and learn parlor tricks they can…

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I remember well, during a cycling holiday in Ayrshire in Scotland, coming across a famous (but unknown to me) stretch of road called the Heely Brae. As all my senses told me that the road was on a downward incline, I sat back in the saddle, expecting to freewheel down the slope. Instead, I found that I quickly came to a stop and had to resume pedalling in order to reach the bottom! The illusion was created by an unusual relationship between the contours of the adjoining hills and hedgerows. Illusions are also common in colour perception, notably in the…

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